links are links to pages within the same
website. I have a page in this website called duck.htm.
To take a look at this we can set up a link
with glasses .
Let's take a look behind
the scenes ........
Well that's pretty
tag to tell the browser hey, here comes a link.
attribute to say here's where I want to go to
The </a> to
tell the browser where the tag ends so that it can work
out what text activates the link - in this case the
workd Duck with glasses.
But hold on - how does the
browser know where to find the page duck.htm?
duck.htm isn't a full web
address, or to use the proper term URL (Universal
Resource Locator). http://www.yahooligans.com/content/games/index.html
is an example of a full address.
So what's the catch? - Relative
First, I want to
cover some terminology which I'll need to refer to
in my explanation:
- website - a
collection of HTML pages and other elements such as
image files, programs etc that make up a person or
an organisation's website.
- webserver or server -
the name given to the computer that holds the
website and runs web server software. Webservers send
the HTML to browsers which then interpret the HTML
and display the output on the screen.
In the above example href="duck.htm" there is no
address, so the webserver will search for a page called
duck.htm on the local website, i.e. the webserver will
assume that duck.htm is within the same website as the
page from which it is called - internal.htm in this
case. Furthermore its will know that
the address is relative to where the page, from where the
link is called is located - that is it will look for
duck.htm in the same folder as is found
So the rule here is that
you don't need to use a full URL in your links, if the
page you're linking to is within the same website.
Why don't you try it out ...
Contrast this to external